On the quasitriangularity of Uq(sln)′

Shlomo Gelaki, Sara Westreich

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Abstract

The quantum group Uq(sln) introduced by Drinfel'd [2] and Jimbo [5] is a Hopf algebra which is naturally paired with Oq(SLn), the coordinate ring of quantum SLn. When q is not a root of unity, the finite dimensional representation theory of Uq(sln) is essentially the same as that of U(sln). Furthermore, it is known that Uq(sln) is essentially a quasitriangular Hopf algebra [2]. When q is a root of unity the situation changes dramatically, and the representation theory of U(sln) is no longer effective. Moreover, Uq(sln) is not quasitriangular. In this case one can consider the quotient Hopf algebra Uq(sln)′, introduced by Lusztig [7], which is a finite dimensional Hopf algebra with a nice representation theory. It is well known that Uq(sl2)′ is quasitriangular. Finite dimensional quasitriangular Hopf algebras are important for the study of knot invariants [11, 12]. Thus, a natural question is: when is Uq(sln)′ quasitriangular? The somewhat unexpected answer is given in Theorem 3.7: it depends sharply on the greatest common divisor of n and the order of q1/2. For these Hopf algebras we classify all the possible R-matrices and give necessary and sufficient conditions for them to be minimal quasitriangular. These conditions depend again on n and the order of q1/2. In the process we describe the groups of Hopf automorphisms of Uq(sln)′ and Oq(SLn)′, where Oq(SLn)′ is a finite dimensional quotient Hopf algebra of Qq(SLn) proved to be the dual of Uq(sln)′ in [15].
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-125
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of the London Mathematical Society
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work of the first author was partially supported by the Basic Research Foundation administrated by the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.

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