Copyright © 2007 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. We obtain the first approximation algorithm for finding the k-simple shortest paths connecting a pair of vertices in a weighted directed graph. Our algorithm is deterministic and has a running time of O(k(m√n + n3/2 log n)), where m is the number of edges in the graph and n is the number of vertices. Let s, t ∈ V; the length of the i-th simple path from s to t computed by our algorithm is at most 3/2 times the length of the i-th shortest simple path from s to t. The best algorithms for computing the exact k-simple shortest paths connecting a pair of vertices in a weighted directed graph are due to Yen  and Lawler . The running time of their algorithms, using modern data structures, is O(k(mn+n2 log n)). Both algorithms are from the early 70's. Although this problem and other variants of the k-shortest path problem drew a lot of attention during the last three and a half decades, the O(k(mn + n2 log n)) bound is still unbeaten.
|Journal||Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2007|