TY - JOUR

T1 - On the k shortest simple paths problem in weighted directed graphs

AU - Roditty, Liam

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We present the first approximation algorithm for finding the k shortest simple paths connecting a pair of vertices in a weighted directed graph that breaks the barrier of mn.It is deterministic and has running time of O(k(m√n+n3/2log n)),where m is the number of edges in the graph and n is the number of vertices. Let s,t ∈ V; the length of the ith simple path from s to t computed by our algorithm is at most 3/2 times the length of the ith shortest simple path from s to t. The best algorithms for computing the exact k shortest simple paths connecting a pair of vertices in a weighted directed graph are due to Yen [Management Sci., 17 (1970/1971), pp. 712-716] and Lawler [Management Sci., 18 (1971/1972), pp. 401-405]. The running time of their algorithms, using modern data structures, is O(k(mn + n2 log n)). Both algorithms are from the early 70s. Although this problem and other variants of the k shortest path problem has drawn a lot of attention during the last three and a half decades, the O(k(mn + n2 logn)) bound is still unbeaten.

AB - We present the first approximation algorithm for finding the k shortest simple paths connecting a pair of vertices in a weighted directed graph that breaks the barrier of mn.It is deterministic and has running time of O(k(m√n+n3/2log n)),where m is the number of edges in the graph and n is the number of vertices. Let s,t ∈ V; the length of the ith simple path from s to t computed by our algorithm is at most 3/2 times the length of the ith shortest simple path from s to t. The best algorithms for computing the exact k shortest simple paths connecting a pair of vertices in a weighted directed graph are due to Yen [Management Sci., 17 (1970/1971), pp. 712-716] and Lawler [Management Sci., 18 (1971/1972), pp. 401-405]. The running time of their algorithms, using modern data structures, is O(k(mn + n2 log n)). Both algorithms are from the early 70s. Although this problem and other variants of the k shortest path problem has drawn a lot of attention during the last three and a half decades, the O(k(mn + n2 logn)) bound is still unbeaten.

KW - Graph algorithms

KW - K shortest simple path

KW - Second shortest path

KW - Shortest path

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952273304&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1137/080730950

DO - 10.1137/080730950

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AN - SCOPUS:77952273304

SN - 0097-5397

VL - 39

SP - 2363

EP - 2376

JO - SIAM Journal on Computing

JF - SIAM Journal on Computing

IS - 6

ER -