TY - JOUR

T1 - On the exactness of the universal backprojection formula for the spherical means Radon transform

AU - Agranovsky, M.

AU - Kunyansky, L.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 IOP Publishing Ltd.

PY - 2023/3

Y1 - 2023/3

N2 - The spherical means Radon transform is defined by the integral of a function f in R n over the sphere S ( x , r ) of radius r centered at a x, normalized by the area of the sphere. The problem of reconstructing f from the data where x belongs to a hypersurface Γ ⊂ R n and r ∈ ( 0 , ∞ ) has important applications in modern imaging modalities, such as photo- and thermo- acoustic tomography. When Γ coincides with the boundary ∂ Ω of a bounded (convex) domain Ω ⊂ R n , a function supported within Ω can be uniquely recovered from its spherical means known on Γ. We are interested in explicit inversion formulas for such a reconstruction. If Γ = ∂ Ω , such formulas are only known for the case when Γ is an ellipsoid (or one of its partial cases). This gives rise to a question: can explicit inversion formulas be found for other closed hypersurfaces Γ? In this article we prove, for the so-called ‘universal backprojection inversion formulas’, that their extension to non-ellipsoidal domains Ω is impossible, and therefore ellipsoids constitute the largest class of closed convex hypersurfaces for which such formulas hold.

AB - The spherical means Radon transform is defined by the integral of a function f in R n over the sphere S ( x , r ) of radius r centered at a x, normalized by the area of the sphere. The problem of reconstructing f from the data where x belongs to a hypersurface Γ ⊂ R n and r ∈ ( 0 , ∞ ) has important applications in modern imaging modalities, such as photo- and thermo- acoustic tomography. When Γ coincides with the boundary ∂ Ω of a bounded (convex) domain Ω ⊂ R n , a function supported within Ω can be uniquely recovered from its spherical means known on Γ. We are interested in explicit inversion formulas for such a reconstruction. If Γ = ∂ Ω , such formulas are only known for the case when Γ is an ellipsoid (or one of its partial cases). This gives rise to a question: can explicit inversion formulas be found for other closed hypersurfaces Γ? In this article we prove, for the so-called ‘universal backprojection inversion formulas’, that their extension to non-ellipsoidal domains Ω is impossible, and therefore ellipsoids constitute the largest class of closed convex hypersurfaces for which such formulas hold.

KW - explicit inversion formula

KW - spherical means

KW - thermoacoustic tomography

KW - universal backprojection formula

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85147138888&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6420/acb2ee

DO - 10.1088/1361-6420/acb2ee

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AN - SCOPUS:85147138888

SN - 0266-5611

VL - 39

JO - Inverse Problems

JF - Inverse Problems

IS - 3

M1 - 035002

ER -