TY - JOUR

T1 - On Optimal Aiming to Hit a Linear Target

AU - David, Israel

AU - Alalouf, Amir

PY - 1999/4

Y1 - 1999/4

N2 - Typically weapon systems have an inherent systematic error and a random error for each round, centered around its mean point of impact. The systematic error is common to all aimings. Assume such a system for which there is a preassigned amount of ammunition of n rounds to engage a given target simultaneously, and which is capable of administering their fire with individual aiming points (allowing "offsets"). The objective is to determine the best aiming points for the system so as to maximize the probability of hitting the target by at least one of the n rounds. In this paper we focus on the special case where the target is linear (one-dimensional) and there are no random errors. We prove that as long as the aiming error is symmetrically distributed and possesses one mode at zero, the optimal aiming is independent of the particular error distribution, and we specify the optimal aiming points. Possible extensions are further discussed, as well as civilian applications in manufacturing, radio-electronics, and detection.

AB - Typically weapon systems have an inherent systematic error and a random error for each round, centered around its mean point of impact. The systematic error is common to all aimings. Assume such a system for which there is a preassigned amount of ammunition of n rounds to engage a given target simultaneously, and which is capable of administering their fire with individual aiming points (allowing "offsets"). The objective is to determine the best aiming points for the system so as to maximize the probability of hitting the target by at least one of the n rounds. In this paper we focus on the special case where the target is linear (one-dimensional) and there are no random errors. We prove that as long as the aiming error is symmetrically distributed and possesses one mode at zero, the optimal aiming is independent of the particular error distribution, and we specify the optimal aiming points. Possible extensions are further discussed, as well as civilian applications in manufacturing, radio-electronics, and detection.

KW - Detection

KW - Hit-probabilities

KW - Military OR

KW - Robotics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85197327756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/(sici)1520-6750(199904)46:3<323::aid-nav5>3.0.co;2-%23

DO - 10.1002/(sici)1520-6750(199904)46:3<323::aid-nav5>3.0.co;2-%23

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AN - SCOPUS:85197327756

SN - 0894-069X

VL - 46

SP - 323

EP - 333

JO - Naval Research Logistics

JF - Naval Research Logistics

IS - 2-3

ER -