Observation of strong nonlinear interactions in parametric down-conversion of X-rays into ultraviolet radiation

S. Sofer, O. Sefi, E. Strizhevsky, H. Aknin, S. P. Collins, G. Nisbet, B. Detlefs, Ch J. Sahle, S. Shwartz

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Abstract

Nonlinear interactions between X-rays and long wavelength radiation can be used as a powerful atomic-scale probe for light-matter interactions and for properties of valence electrons. However, reported X-ray nonlinear effects were small and their observations required tremendous efforts. Here we report the observation of strong nonlinearities in parametric down-conversion (PDC) of X-rays to long wavelength radiation in gallium arsenide and lithium niobate crystals, with efficiencies about 4 orders of magnitude stronger than the efficiencies measured in any material studied before. Furthermore, we show that the efficiency in the ferroelectric phase of strontium barium niobite is two orders of magnitude stronger than in its paraelectric phase. This observation suggests that the lack of inversion symmetry is the origin for the strong observed nonlinearity. Additionally, we demonstrate the ability to use the effect for the investigation of the spectral response of non-centrosymmetric materials at wavelengths ranging from infrared to soft X-rays.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5673
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Dec 2019

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© 2019, The Author(s).

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