Magnesium-ion batteries (MIBs) have been deemed as a promising alternative to lithium-ion batteries because they can employ a Mg metal anode, potentially yielding a higher energy density. However, the lack of cathode materials capable of the reversible Mg intercalation in non-aqueous electrolytes severely limits the commercialisation of MIBs. In this study, a novel cathode material, layered iron vanadate (FeV3O9·1.1H2O), is proposed for use in non-aqueous MIBs. At 20 mA g−1, FeV3O9·1.1H2O registered a high reversible capacity and average voltage of 149 mAh/g and 2.53 V (vs. Mg/Mg2+), respectively. It also demonstrated a stable cycle life with an 85% capacity retention even after 500 discharge–charge cycles. The reversibility of the Mg intercalation reaction on this novel iron vanadate-based host was confirmed through elemental analyses, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This study offers valuable insights that could facilitate the design and development of novel oxide-based materials as high-performance cathodes for non-aqueous MIBs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (No. 2020R1A2C2007070).
- Cathode material
- Layered iron vanadate
- Magnesium-ion battery
- Nonaqueous electrolyte