Nitrogen-doped carbon dots as a highly selective and sensitive fluorescent probe for sensing Mg2+ ions in aqueous solution, and their application in the detection and imaging of intracellular Mg2+ ions

Hari Krishna Sadhanala, Saurav Aryal, Kusha Sharma, Ziv Orpaz, Shulamit Michaeli, Aharon Gedanken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The magnesium (Mg2+) ion is the second most abundant intracellular cation after potassium, and it is involved in a variety of biological processes and physiological functions. Because of the different effects which are dependent on Mg2+ ion concentration, it is critical to monitor Mg2+ ion levels in biological systems. Here, we report the hydrothermal synthesis of photoluminescent N-doped carbon dots (NCDs) using 4-Hydroxybenzaldehyde and 1, 2, 4, 5-benzenetetramine tetrahydrochloride as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively. The as-synthesized NCDs demonstrated excitation dependent photoluminescence (PL) with a quantum yield of 16.2%. Because of water dispersibility and chelating functional groups, NCDs were used for highly selective detection of Mg2+ ions using ratiometric PL enhancement with a detection limit of 60 μM. Following that, based on highly biocompatibility and sensing of Mg2+ ions in aqueous solutions, NCDs were employed as photoluminescent probe to detect the Mg2+ ions of mammalian cell lines such as J774, HeLa, and Hek293T, which is most likely due to effective complex formation between NCDs and the intracellular Mg2+ ions. As far as we could possibly know, this is the first report of aqueous solution dispersed carbon dots for intracellular sensing and imaging of Mg2+ ions based solely on an increase in NCDs PL intensity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131958
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume366
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Carbon-Dots, Nitrogen doping
  • LOD
  • Magnesium ions

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