Nickel-molybdenum bimetallic sulfide decorated biomass derived carbon support for high performance asymmetric supercapacitor application

Ramachandran John Wesley, Subramanian Vasanth, Arulappan Durairaj, Romiyo Justinabraham, Chinnusamy Viswanathan, Asir Obadiah, Samuel Vasanthkumar

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Biomass - derived carbon electrode material with a porous structure is widely used in supercapacitor applications, which can improve electron transfer and shorter ion diffusion pathways. In this work, the garlic peel biomass carbon (GPBC), NiMo3S4(NMS) and garlic peel biomass carbon decorated with NiMo3S4 (GPBC/NMS) composite were prepared through a in situ two-step hydrothermal method. The synthesized materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Transmission electron microscopy techniques (TEM), Raman spectroscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) techniques were used to analyze the structure, morphology and specific surface areas and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The prepared bimetallic metal sulfide on a biomass - derived carbon namely the GPBC/NMS composite is used in supercapacitor application. The GPBC/NMS composite electrode exhibits good cycle performance with high specific capacity of 304C/g at current density of 1 A/g in a 3 M KOH electrolyte solution. The electrochemical performance of the GPBC/NMS//GPBC asymmetric supercapacitor device produces an excellent energy density 45.5 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 1125 W kg−1 in the 1.6 V operating potential window. The GPBC/NMS//GPBC also exhibits 93 % retention of its initial capacitance after the 10,000 GCD cycle performance. The above results demonstrate a new way of developing high performance electrode materials for energy storage applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112092
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
StatePublished - 30 Jun 2024

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  • Bimetallic sulfide
  • Biochar
  • Garlic peel
  • Supercapacitor


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