New relativistic high-temperature Bose-Einstein condensation

L. Burakovsky, L. P. Horwitz, W. C. Schieve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


We discuss the properties of an ideal relativistic gas of events possessing Bose-Einstein statistics. We find that the mass spectrum of such a system is bounded by [Formula presented], where [Formula presented] is the usual chemical potential, [Formula presented] is an intrinsic dimensional scale parameter for the motion of an event in space time, and [Formula presented] is an additional mass potential of the ensemble. For the system including both particles and antiparticles, with a nonzero chemical potential [Formula presented], the mass spectrum is shown to be bounded by [Formula presented], and a special type of high-temperature Bose-Einstein condensation can occur. We study this Bose-Einstein condensation, and show that it corresponds to a phase transition from the sector of continuous relativistic mass distributions to a sector in which the boson mass distribution becomes sharp at a definite mass [Formula presented]. This phenomenon provides a mechanism for the mass distribution of the particles to be sharp at some definite value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4029-4038
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


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