Neutral dynamics with environmental noise: Age-size statistics and species lifetimes

David Kessler, Samir Suweis, Marco Formentin, Nadav M. Shnerb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neutral dynamics, where taxa are assumed to be demographically equivalent and their abundance is governed solely by the stochasticity of the underlying birth-death process, has proved itself as an important minimal model that accounts for many empirical datasets in genetics and ecology. However, the restriction of the model to demographic [O(N)] noise yields relatively slow dynamics that appears to be in conflict with both short-term and long-term characteristics of the observed systems. Here we analyze two of these problems - age-size relationships and species extinction time - in the framework of a neutral theory with both demographic and environmental stochasticity. It turns out that environmentally induced variations of the demographic rates control the long-term dynamics and modify dramatically the predictions of the neutral theory with demographic noise only, yielding much better agreement with empirical data. We consider two prototypes of "zero mean" environmental noise, one which is balanced with regard to the arithmetic abundance, another balanced in the logarithmic (fitness) space, study their species lifetime statistics, and discuss their relevance to realistic models of community dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022722
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Physical Society.

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