Measures of neuropsychological functioning were examined for their relationship to skills training ability. In a longitudinal design, 16 psychotic inpatients were followed during their involvement in a skills training program. The two training programs (Symptom Management and Medication Management) included daily 2-hour sessions over an 8-month period. Five clinical neuropsychological measures and three laboratory-based information processing measures were administered at baseline. The outcome variables included two measures of skill knowledge/ability and a measure of on-task behavior. Modest correlations were found between outcome measures and three types of predictors: serial verbal learning, susceptibility to distraction, and vigilance. These findings suggest that selected measures of neuropsychological functioning may help to target those cognitive abilities necessary for skill acquisition, and may aid in selecting patients most likely to benefit from skills training.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments. The authors thank Sally MacKain, Ph.D., Patti Parlier-Cook, M.S., and William Lueken for their assistance in the data collection, and Sun Hwang, MS., M.P.H., for conducting the statistical analyses.T he data analysis was supported by a Clinical Research Center Grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (MH-30911; R.P. Liberman, principal investigator). The software for the Continuous Performance Test was developed by Drs. Keith Nuechterlein and Robert Asarnow with support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Network for Risk and Protective Factors in Major Mental Disorders. This project was aided by the excellent cooperation of the Camarillo State Hospital staff and administration.
- social skills