Neuropsychological assessment: Principles, rationale, and challenges

Eli Vakil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuropsychological assessments are increasingly in demand for a wide range of patients. This paper offers a survey of the basic aspects of neuropsychological assessment that are of greatest importance for professionals (e.g., psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and lawyers) who are not trained in neuropsychological testing, but who refer clients for neuropsychological assessment. This survey could also serve neuropsychologists in their early stages of training, by addressing some of the major issues related to the assessment process. The range of goals that neuropsychological assessment may attain is first outlined. Next, a model is presented that explains the rationale enabling generalization from assessment to real-world functions that are the focus of interest and the target of prediction. Issues that need to be considered before deciding to conduct a neuropsychological evaluation are then introduced, and sources of information available to the assessor are described. A description is provided of what a neuropsychological assessment includes, with an emphasis on its cognitive aspects. Finally, mention is made of some of the difficulties and challenges that must be confronted in the course of a neuropsychological assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-150
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Neuropsychological
  • Review

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