## Abstract

Many organisms have an elastic skeleton that consists of a closed shell of epithelial cells that is filled with fluid, and can actively regulate both elastic forces in the shell and hydrostatic pressure inside it. In this work we introduce a simple network model of such pressure-stabilized active elastic shells in which cross-links are represented by material points connected by non-linear springs of some given equilibrium lengths and spring constants. We mimic active contractile forces in the system by changing the parameters of randomly chosen springs and use computer simulations to study the resulting local and global deformation dynamics of the network. We elucidate the statistical properties of these deformations by computing the corresponding distributions and correlation functions. We show that pressure-induced stretching of the network introduces coupling between its local and global behavior: while the network opposes the contraction of each excited spring and affects the amplitude and relaxation time of its deformation, random local excitations give rise to contraction of the network and to fluctuations of its surface area.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 7981-7989 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Soft Matter |

Volume | 18 |

Issue number | 41 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 26 Oct 2022 |

### Bibliographical note

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