The exceptional ability of plasmonic structures to confine light into deep subwavelength volumes has fashioned rapid expansion of interest from both fundamental and applicative perspectives. Surface plasmon nanophotonics enables to investigate light–matter interaction in deep nanoscale and harness the electromagnetic and quantum properties of materials, thus opening pathways of tremendous potential applications. Predominantly, metal–insulator–metal (MIM) plasmonic waveguides are of special attentiveness as they enable to confine and manipulate light in deep nanometer scale. This work includes two sections with state-of-the-art work in the field of MIM nanoplasmonic waveguides. The first section describes novel engineerable interferometry architecture with extremely compact dimensions of λ3/15,500, which can be used to realize a variety of plasmonic logic functionalities. We use this architecture to realize the smallest reported plasmonic XOR logic gate. In the second section we use Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) under optical illumination to image plasmonic waves, achieving spatial resolution of 2 nm. We fabricate a series of plasmonic MIM waveguides with gap width varied by 2 nm and experimentally resolve their propagation properties. By comparing experimentally obtained images with theoretical calculation results, we show that KPFM maps provide valuable information on the direction of optical near field. Additionally, we propose a theoretical model for the relation between surface plasmons and the material work function measured by KPFM.
|Title of host publication
|Planar Waveguides and other Confined Geometries
|Springer New York
|Published - 2015
|Springer Series in Optical Sciences