Multiple RIS-Assisted Mixed FSO-RF Transmission Over Generalized Fading Channels

Vinay Kumar Chapala, Syed Mohammad Zafaruddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this article, we analyze the performance of a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted multihop transmission by employing multiple RIS units to enable favorable communication for a mixed free-space optical (FSO) and radio-frequency (RF) system. We consider a single-element RIS since it is hard to realize phase compensation for multiple-element RIS in the multihop scenario. We develop statistical results for the product of the signal-to-noise ratio of the cascaded multiple RIS-equipped wireless communication. We use decode-and-forward and fixed-gain relaying protocols to mix multi-RIS transmissions over RF and FSO technologies and derive probability density and distribution functions for both the relaying schemes by considering independent and nonidentical double generalized gamma distribution models for RF transmissions with line-of-sight and inverse-Gamma shadowing effect and atmospheric turbulence for FSO system combined with pointing errors. We analyze the outage probability, and average bit-error rate performance of the considered system. We also present an asymptotic analysis of the outage probability using gamma functions to provide insight into the considered system in the high SNR regime. We use computer simulations to validate the derived analytical expressions and demonstrate the performance for different system parameters on the RIS-assisted multihop transmissions for a vehicular communication system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3515-3526
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2007-2012 IEEE.


  • Multiple reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)
  • performance analysis
  • relaying
  • vehicular communications


Dive into the research topics of 'Multiple RIS-Assisted Mixed FSO-RF Transmission Over Generalized Fading Channels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this