Multi-messenger astrophysics with THESEUS in the 2030s

Riccardo Ciolfi, Giulia Stratta, Marica Branchesi, Bruce Gendre, Stefan Grimm, Jan Harms, Gavin Paul Lamb, Antonio Martin-Carrillo, Ayden McCann, Gor Oganesyan, Eliana Palazzi, Samuele Ronchini, Andrea Rossi, Om Sharan Salafia, Lana Salmon, Stefano Ascenzi, Antonio Capone, Silvia Celli, Simone Dall’Osso, Irene Di PalmaMichela Fasano, Paolo Fermani, Dafne Guetta, Lorraine Hanlon, Eric Howell, Stephane Paltani, Luciano Rezzolla, Serena Vinciguerra, Angela Zegarelli, Lorenzo Amati, Andrew Blain, Enrico Bozzo, Sylvain Chaty, Paolo D’Avanzo, fnm Massimiliano De Pasquale, Hüsne Dereli-Bégué, Giancarlo Ghirlanda, Andreja Gomboc, Diego Götz, Istvan Horvath, Rene Hudec, Luca Izzo, Emeric Le Floch, Liang Li, Francesco Longo, S. Komossa, Albert K.H. Kong, Sandro Mereghetti, Roberto Mignani, Antonios Nathanail, Paul T. O’Brien, Julian P. Osborne, Asaf Pe’er, Silvia Piranomonte, Piero Rosati, Sandra Savaglio, Fabian Schüssler, Olga Sergijenko, Lijing Shao, Nial Tanvir, Sara Turriziani, Yuji Urata, Maurice van Putten, Susanna Vergani, Silvia Zane, Bing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Multi-messenger astrophysics is becoming a major avenue to explore the Universe, with the potential to span a vast range of redshifts. The growing synergies between different probes is opening new frontiers, which promise profound insights into several aspects of fundamental physics and cosmology. In this context, THESEUS will play a central role during the 2030s in detecting and localizing the electromagnetic counterparts of gravitational wave and neutrino sources that the unprecedented sensitivity of next generation detectors will discover at much higher rates than the present. Here, we review the most important target signals from multi-messenger sources that THESEUS will be able to detect and characterize, discussing detection rate expectations and scientific impact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-275
Number of pages31
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).


We acknowledge support from the ASI-INAF agreement n. 2018-29-HH.0. MB and RH acknowledge the support of the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme under the AHEAD2020 Project grant agreement 871158. Part of this research was conducted by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery (OzGrav), through project number CE170100004. EH also acknowledges support from an Australian Research Council DECRA Fellowship (DE170100891). AR acknowledges support from the project Supporto Arizona & Italia. LSal acknowledges support from the Irish Research Council under grant GOIPG/2017/1525. LH acknowledges support from Science Foundation Ireland under grant 19/FFP/6777 and from the EU AHEAD2020 project (grant agreement 871158). PDA acknowledges funding from the Italian Space Agency, contract ASI/INAF n. I/004/11/4. MB, PDA, and EP acknowledge support from PRIN-MIUR 2017 (grant 20179ZF5KS). MDP acknowledges support for this work by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK), Grant No: MFAG-119F073. Open access funding provided by Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica within the CRUI-CARE Agreement.

FundersFunder number
Horizon 2020 Framework ProgrammeCE170100004, 871158
Australian Research CouncilDE170100891
Science Foundation Ireland19/FFP/6777
Irish Research CouncilGOIPG/2017/1525
Agenzia Spaziale ItalianaI/004/11/4, 20179ZF5KS
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma KurumuMFAG-119F073
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica


    • Compact binary merger
    • Gamma-ray burst
    • Kilonova
    • Multi-messenger astrophysics
    • Neutrino sources
    • X-ray sources


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