Morphological Characterization of Abnormal Human Spermatozoa Using Transmission Electron Microscopy

B. Bartoov, F. Eltes, R. Weissenberg, B. Lunenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


A morphological analysis of ejaculated human abnormal spermatozoa is presented. Eighteen different malformations are characterized, based on (a) the cell's organelle where they appeared, (b) the possible developmental stage when they occurred, and (c) the possible mechanism responsible for a specific appearance. The forces that govern the shaping of the spermatozoan head are described in detail. The possible mechanism responsible for chromatin subcondensation, acrosome malformation, kinked tail forms, and mitochondrial malformations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-322
Number of pages18
JournalArchives of Andrology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1980

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: We are grateful to Dr. J. Kedem, of Bar-Ilan University, for his cooperation and helpful discussions. We gratefully acknowledge the excellent technical assistance of J. Muravich and B. Lederhendler. This work is part of the M.Sc. degree requirements of F. Ekes and was supported by the Research Committee of Bar-Ilan University, Research Grant No. 01-453.


  • Human spermatozoa
  • Spermatozoa ultrastructure
  • TEM


Dive into the research topics of 'Morphological Characterization of Abnormal Human Spermatozoa Using Transmission Electron Microscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this