More on the performance of LiFePO4 electrodes-The effect of synthesis route, solution composition, aging, and temperature

M. Koltypin, D. Aurbach, L. Nazar, B. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three types of olivine compounds were prepared by three different routes: sol-gel, solid-state, and hydrothermal syntheses, showing the expected structure and containing a small amount of carbon and iron phosphide for maintaining sufficient intrinsic electrical conductivity. These materials were tested in LiClO4, and in dry and wet LiPF6 solutions in mixtures of ethylene and dimethyl carbonate (EC-DMC, 1:1) at 30 and 60 °C. Iron dissolution from these materials, upon storage in the three solutions at these two temperatures, was measured by ICP. Aged electrodes were measured by XRD and SEM: the electrochemical performance of the three types of olivine compounds in the three solutions and at the two temperatures was measured by voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy. The behavior of pristine and aged electrodes was systematically compared. It was found that there is a strong correlation between the rate of iron dissolution and the performance of these systems in terms of high capacity, low capacity fading, and low and stable impedance upon aging. The material prepared by sol-gel synthesis demonstrated a low iron dissolution rate, even in a corrosive solution such as wet LiPF6 solutions, and high performance, even in these solutions. When the solutions contain no acidic contaminants, all the compounds demonstrated negligible iron dissolution rates, even at 60 °C, and a good electrochemical performance. The electrochemical comparison described herein shows a pronounced impact of the solution composition on the electrodes' impedance, due to the unique surface chemistry developed in each solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1241-1250
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume174
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Dec 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
A partial support for this work was obtained by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF).

Funding

A partial support for this work was obtained by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF).

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation

    Keywords

    • Aging
    • EIS
    • LiFePO
    • LiPF solutions
    • Voltammetry

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