Modelling the contribution of metacognitions, impulsiveness and thought suppression to behavioural addictions in adolescents

Yaniv Efrati, Daniel C. Kolubinski, Claudia Marino, Marcantonio M. Spada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The most common behavioral addictions in adolescents are Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD), Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder (CSBD), and Problematic Social Networks Use (PSNU). In the present study, we investigated whether thought suppression and impulsiveness mediate the relationship between metacognitions and these three behavioral addictions (IGD, CSBD and PSNU). In Study 1 (n = 471), we examined whether online gaming thought suppression and impulsiveness mediate the relationship between metacognitions and IGD. In Study 2 (n = 453), we examined whether sex thought suppression and impulsiveness mediate the relationship between metacognitions and CSBD. In Study 3 (n = 1004), we examined whether social media thought suppression and impulsiveness mediate the relationship between metacognitions and PSNU. Results of path analysis indicated, across the three studies, the importance of both thought suppression and impulsiveness as mediators between metacognitions and the three behavioral addictions (IGD, CSBD and PSNU) being investigated. These findings provide an opportunity for therapists as well as educators to gain a better insight into the link between metacognitions, thought suppression, impulsiveness, and behavioral addictions as part of developmental behavior among adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3820
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Compulsive sexual behavior disorder
  • Impulsiveness
  • Internet gaming disorder
  • Metacognitions
  • Problematic social networks use
  • Thought suppression

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