Modelling of local carbon deposition on a rough test limiter exposed to the edge plasma of TEXTOR

Shuyu Dai, A. Kirschner, D. Matveev, D. Borodin, C. Björkas, Jizhong Sun, Dezhen Wang

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16 Scopus citations


A Monte-Carlo code called SURO was developed to study the influence of surface roughness on the impurity deposition characteristics in fusion experiments. SURO uses the test particle approach to describe the impact of background plasma and the deposition of impurity particles on a sinusoidal surface. The local impact angle and dynamic change of surface roughness as well as surface concentrations of different species due to erosion and deposition are taken into account. Coupled with the three-dimensional Monte-Carlo code ERO, SURO was used to study the impact of surface roughness on 13C deposition in 13CH4 injection experiments in TEXTOR. The simulations showed that the amount of net deposited 13C species increased with surface roughness. Parameter studies with varying 12C and 13C fluxes were performed to gain insights into impurity deposition characteristics on the rough surface. Calculations of the exposure time needed for surface smoothing for TEXTOR and ITER were also carried out for different scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055004
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes


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