Mixed Phases as a Route to Self-Passivation: Effect of π-Stacking Backbone on the Physical and Electrical Properties of Naphthalenediimide Derivatives

Pramod Kumar, Yulia Gerchikov, Nir Tessler, Yoav Eichen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solution processable p- and n-type organic semiconductors are candidates for low-cost, large-area, and roll-to-roll printing of inexpensive mass-production electronics. In these organic semiconductors, it is the π-conjugated backbone that plays the major role in charge-carrier transport across the channel. In order to achieve better device performance, it is required to have better packing/crystallinity to minimize defects and avoid deep traps, so that effective transfer of charge carriers can take place in the solid state. Excellent results have been reported by blending crystal-forming organic semiconductors with amorphous polymers that serve as binders or passivating agents. We show that, for some molecular structures and processing conditions, mixtures of stereoisomers can separate and self-arrange into a thin amorphous layer covered by a polycrystalline layer. In this work, we focus on two families of constitutional isomers that differ only in the position of the pyridine groups on the π-skeleton and study the effect of the structure on the physical and electrical properties using absorption spectroscopy, AFM, X-ray, and organic field-effect transistor current-voltage response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23221-23229
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Chemical Society.

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