Mitral Valve Interventions for Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy

Mony Shuvy, Yael Yan Postell, Shemy Carasso, David Marmor, Bradly H. Strauss, Francesco Maisano, Elisabetta Lapenna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The mitral valve (MV) plays an important role in the pathophysiology of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction, caused by systolic anterior motion (SAM), is a common occurrence in most patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and is directly associated with the MV apparatus. First line therapy for HOCM patients is pharmacological, and surgical intervention is often indicated for patients who do not respond to medical therapy. Emerging research on mitral disease in HOCM, specifically mitral regurgitation (MR), demonstrates that these patients frequently do not respond to standard therapeutic options, and can benefit from MV interventions. In this review, we describe the involvement of the MV in the pathogenesis of HOCM, discuss medical therapy, and explore available mitral procedures. Surgical myectomy, often combined with various modifications to the MV apparatus, is frequently necessary to achieve a durable resolution of LVOT obstruction and SAM-related MR. Alcohol septal ablation, an alternative to surgical myectomy, will be briefly mentioned. We also emphasize the role of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) as a promising and novel therapeutic option for HOCM patients. Over time, TEER has established itself as an effective and safe procedure, demonstrating success across a spectrum of anatomical variations. The leaflet modification and movement restriction achieved through TEER help reduce SAM and, consequently, have the potential to alleviate LVOT obstruction and SAM-related MR. Furthermore, we propose a treatment algorithm for cases where TEER is a potential course of action for patients who are at high risk for other interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)860-868
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Canadian Cardiovascular Society

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