The article focuses on the Israeli Defense Forces' (IDF) doctrine by examining the official IDF doctrinal publications on command and control. The Command philosophy adopted by the IDF is a result of the operational challenges which it faced, as well as its origins in patriotic, semi-military organizations. Its founding fathers, Brigadier General Charles Ord Wingate and MG Yitzhak Sadeh, instilled a culture of independence and initiative into a younger generation of commanders such as Allon, Dayan and Yadin. IDF commanders adopted a decentralized command approach in order to facilitate strategic initiative and maneuver warfare as a means of dealing with Israel's basic strategic imperatives. A review of operations conducted during the Second Lebanon War reveals that command decisions were not always dictated by operational needs. For instance, fear of casualties was a central consideration in the choice of the commanders to slow down the execution and tempo of operations.