Mineral Magnetic Modification of Fine Iron Ore Tailings and Their Beneficiation in Alternating Magnetic Fields

Nataliia Dudchenko, Vitalii Ponomar, Volodymyr Ovsiienko, Yurii Cherevko, Ilana Perelshtein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, the properties, mineral magnetic modification, and beneficiation of tailings from the central mining and processing plant in Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine, have been studied. Samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, microscopy, and magnetization measurements. The beneficiation was conducted using magnetizing roasting with carbon monoxide followed by dry low-intensity magnetic separation. The effects of chemical, mineral, and granulometric composition on the processing of fine tailings of different sizes sampled at different points of the tailings pond were investigated. Additionally, we proposed a new approach for magnetic separation of fine magnetically modified tailings based on the combination of permanent and alternating magnetic fields. Magnetizing roasting resulted in an enhancement in mass magnetization to 11–62 Am2/kg in comparison with initial values of 0.3–1.5 Am2/kg. After magnetic separation, the magnetic concentrates consisted almost completely of magnetite (with the magnetization of 75–88 Am2/kg) and non-magnetic residues contained major quartz. The content of iron in magnetic concentrates reached 68.5–70.2 wt.% and iron recovery 77–96 wt.%, depending on size fraction. We could conclude that the tailings are represented by fine-grained liberated material that can be effectively upgraded using magnetizing roasting and magnetic separation into two valuable products, such as iron concentrate and quartz powder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024

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  • beneficiation
  • hematite
  • iron-bearing waste
  • magnetic separation
  • magnetite
  • magnetization
  • magnetizing roasting
  • recycling


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