Metal oxide nanoparticles as a source for ROS: Their application in the fabrication of antimicrobial textiles

Anat Lipovsky, Ilana Perelstein, Nina Perkas, Rachel Lubart, Aharon Gedanken

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Reactive Oxygen Species - ROS (such as OH, O2 -, H2O2, HO2 and singlet oxygen) are the key componnents for killing bacteria by macrophages, H2O2 is long being used as a house hold desenfectant. In rescent years, an increased research in the field of nanoparticles (NPs) and their applications as antimicrobial substances revealed that the formation of ROS plays a significant role in their activity toward pathogen destruction. This chapter will review the sonochemical preparation of metal oxide (MO) nanoparticles, their subsequent deposition on textiles via the sonochemical method, and their antimicrobial activity. The chapter will describe a research that has concentrated on characterizing the ROS mediated antimicrobial activity of ZnO, CuO and other MO nanoparticles. The principle of the sonochemical embedding of the nanoparticles into surfaces in general and textiles in particular will be explained. Finally, the work on the sonochemical functionalization of textiles for creation of smart antimicrobial fabrics will be also reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)
Subtitle of host publicationFormation Mechanisms, Physiological Roles and Common Harmful Effects
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9781629480503
ISBN (Print)9781629480497
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.


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