Metacognition and Intersubjectivity: Reconsidering Their Relationship Following Advances From the Study of Persons With Psychosis

Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Andrew Gumley, Hamish McLeod, Paul H. Lysaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

As research on metacognition has progressed a significant array of definitions, methodologies and therapeutic applications have emerged. Some of this work has primarily framed metacognition as an activity carried out by one person in order to know, monitor, and adjust their beliefs, memories, and behaviors. Accordingly, problems with metacognition have often been characterized as issues related to cognition. This, however, risks neglecting how metacognition is also a fundamentally intersubjective act, one in which human beings know and reflect upon themselves and others primarily with and through connections with other people. In this paper, we review research on metacognition in schizophrenia using the integrative model of metacognition and a research paradigm in which metacognition is assessed within personal narratives. Stimulated by this work, we discuss how disturbances in intersubjective experience and metacognitive capacity mutually influence one another, with disruptions in metacognition perhaps more deeply understood as disruptions in relatedness with others. We then discuss how metacognition and intersubjectivity each affect mental health. We finally focus on the implications of this for treatments that target metacognition as well as future directions for research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number567
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2020 Hasson-Ohayon, Gumley, McLeod and Lysaker.

Keywords

  • intersubjectivity
  • metacognition
  • psychopathology
  • psychosis
  • psychotherapy

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