Metabolic inputs in the probiotic bacterium Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus contribute to cell-wall remodeling and increased fitness

Ronit Suissa, Tsviya Olender, Sergey Malitsky, Ofra Golani, Sondra Turjeman, Omry Koren, Michael M. Meijler, Ilana Kolodkin-Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) is a Gram-positive beneficial bacterium that resides in the human intestinal tract and belongs to the family of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). This bacterium is a widely used probiotic and was suggested to provide numerous benefits for human health. However, as in most LAB strains, the molecular mechanisms that mediate the competitiveness of probiotics under different diets remain unknown. Fermentation is a fundamental process in LAB, allowing the oxidation of simple carbohydrates (e.g., glucose, mannose) for energy production under oxygen limitation, as in the human gut. Our results indicate that fermentation reshapes the metabolome, volatilome, and proteome architecture of LGG. Furthermore, fermentation alters cell envelope remodeling and peptidoglycan biosynthesis, which leads to altered cell wall thickness, aggregation properties, and cell wall composition. In addition, fermentable sugars induced the secretion of known and novel metabolites and proteins targeting the enteric pathogens Enterococcus faecalis and Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium. Overall, our results link simple carbohydrates with cell wall remodeling, aggregation to host tissues, and biofilm formation in probiotic strains and connect them with the production of broad-spectrum antimicrobial effectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number71
Journalnpj Biofilms and Microbiomes
Issue number1
StatePublished - 26 Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, Springer Nature Limited.


This work was supported by the Israeli Science Foundation (grant 119/16) to IKG, the IMoH grant 3-15656 to IKG. R.S. is supported by the Kreitman fellowship.

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation119/16, 3-15656


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