Coal is one of the major fuels for power generation, and it will continue in this capacity for the next several decades. Two types of coal are mainly used: lignite and bituminous coals. When exposed to air, post-mining, the coal surface undergoes LTO (low-temperature oxidation) at RT-150 °C according to the atmospheric oxygen level. The LTO process decreases the calorific value of the coal, and consequently, different gases are released [mainly carbon oxides (CO, CO2), water vapor, hydrogen (H2), and also some low molecular-weight organic gases (C1-5)]. Some of these gases are toxic and flammable. In extreme cases, fires erupt. The mechanism by which the molecular oxygen oxidizes the coal macromolecule at the temperature range of 30-150 °C (LTO process) is complex and also involves a chain of radical reactions that take place; however, the exact underlying mechanism is not yet clear. The LTO process was studied in detail by simulating the processes occurring in the coal piles by using two coal types: an American Bailey coal, used in Israeli coal-fired utilities and a German Hambach lignite, used in German utilities. The mechanism underlying the LTO process and the radical reactions that are involved are discussed in detail.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - 10 Nov 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
S.R. acknowledges the support of the Israel Ministry of Science grant (#3-14330).
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