Material migration studies with an ITER first wall panel proxy on EAST

R. Ding, R. A. Pitts, D. Borodin, S. Carpentier, F. Ding, X. Z. Gong, H. Y. Guo, A. Kirschner, M. Kocan, J. G. Li, G. N. Luo, H. M. Mao, J. P. Qian, P. C. Stangeby, W. R. Wampler, H. Q. Wang, W. Z. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The ITER beryllium (Be) first wall (FW) panels are shaped to protect leading edges between neighbouring panels arising from assembly tolerances. This departure from a perfectly cylindrical surface automatically leads to magnetically shadowed regions where eroded Be can be re-deposited, together with co-deposition of tritium fuel. To provide a benchmark for a series of erosion/re-deposition simulation studies performed for the ITER FW panels, dedicated experiments have been performed on the EAST tokamak using a specially designed, instrumented test limiter acting as a proxy for the FW panel geometry. Carbon coated molybdenum plates forming the limiter front surface were exposed to the outer midplane boundary plasma of helium discharges using the new Material and Plasma Evaluation System (MAPES). Net erosion and deposition patterns are estimated using ion beam analysis to measure the carbon layer thickness variation across the surface after exposure. The highest erosion of about 0.8 μm is found near the midplane, where the surface is closest to the plasma separatrix. No net deposition above the measurement detection limit was found on the proxy wall element, even in shadowed regions. The measured 2D surface erosion distribution has been modelled with the 3D Monte Carlo code ERO, using the local plasma parameter measurements together with a diffusive transport assumption. Excellent agreement between the experimentally observed net erosion and the modelled erosion profile has been obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023013
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IAEA.


  • Erosion and deposition
  • ITER first wall
  • Material migration


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