We review experimental studies of the time decay of the nonequilibrium magnetization in high-temperature superconductors, a phenomenon known as magnetic relaxation. This effect has its origin in motion of flux lines out of their pinning sites due to thermal activation or quantum tunneling. The combination of relatively weak flux pinning and high temperatures leads to rich properties that are unconventional in the context of low temperature superconductivity and that have been the subject to intense studies. The results are assessed from a purely experimental perspective and discussed in the context of present phenomenological theories.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is financially supportedb y the National Center for Research& Developmento n Superconductivity and Foundation of Academia Sinica.
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Alexander Freidman (Manager) & Yosi Yeshurun (Manager)Institute of Superconductivity Laboratory for Magnetic Measurements