Digitalization of the medical record and integration of genomic methods into clinical practice have resulted in an unprecedented wealth of data. Machine learning is a subdomain of artificial intelligence that attempts to computationally extract meaningful insights from complex data structures. Applications of machine learning in haematological scenarios are steadily increasing. However, basic concepts are often unfamiliar to clinicians and investigators. The purpose of this review is to provide readers with tools to interpret and critically appraise machine learning literature. We begin with the elucidation of standard terminology and then review examples in haematology. Guidelines for designing and evaluating machine-learning studies are provided. Finally, we discuss limitations of the machine-learning approach.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 British Society for Haematology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- artificial intelligence
- machine learning
- prediction models