Luminescent and ferromagnetic CdS:Mn2+/C core-shell nanocrystals

Sayan Bhattacharyya, Y. Estrin, D. H. Rich, D. Zitoun, Yuri Koltypin, A. Gedanken

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37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Mn-doped CdS nanocrystals encapsulated by carbon (Cd 1-xMnxS/C) were synthesized by a one-step, kinetically controlled, solid-state reaction under autogenic pressure at elevated temperatures. The ∼50 nm wurtzite Cd1-xMnxS core was encapsulated by a 5-11 nm disordered carbon shell, and with the increase in Mn concentration, a gradual change from isotropic nanocrystals to one-dimensional nanorods was observed. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies showed that Mn2+ could be efficiently doped into the CdS lattice up to a Mn:Cd atomic ratio of 0.012. The 0.9-1.8 atomic % manganese-doped CdS samples were found to be ferromagnetic at room temperature, and the magnetic moment did not saturate even at 2 K, likely due to the coexistence of superparamagnetic fractions and antiferromagnetic coupling between the Mn2+ spins. The lowest-doped samples (Mn:Cd = 0.009 and 0.012) display the highest magnetic moments (4.43 ± 0.04 and 4.52 ± 0.04 μB/Mn), respectively. The more concentrated samples exhibit weaker magnetic moments (2.85 ± 0.03 μB/Mn for Mn:Cd = 0.018) as a result of antiferromagnetic coupling between Mn2+ second neighbors. Cathodoluminescence spectroscopy experiments were performed from 50 to 300 K to assess the temperature dependence of emissions related to the CdS near band edge, the Mn intra d-shell4T16A 1 transition, defectrelated surface state transitions, and the effect of surface passivation with carbon. The temperature-dependent spectral line shape variations, the emission intensities, and energies of the various components were examined for each Mn doping density to evaluate the incorporation of Mn2+ into the host CdS nanocrystal lattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22002-22011
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume114
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Dec 2010

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