We discuss weak and strong localization of photons in disordered systems. In particular, we review the recent theoretical and experimental developments relating to the following phenomena: (i) the optical Anderson transition; (ii) weak localization and its effect on the optical diffusion constant; (iii) the coherent backscattered peak; (iv) multiply scattered speckle patterns and their similarity to universal conductance fluctuations; (v) ensemble average and time-scales for different systems (random solids versus random liquids); and (vi) dephasing time- contraction due to multiple scattering.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Philosophical Magazine B: Physics of Condensed Matter; Statistical Mechanics, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Properties|
|State||Published - Dec 1987|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
It is a pleasure to acknowledge the many discussions with I. Freund, M. Rosenbluh, D. Schmeltzer, I. Edrei and R. Berkovitz. I acknowledge the Israeli-U.S. Binational Foundation for their grant.