Bluetooth enables wireless communication via ad hoc networks. The basic topology (piconet) is a collection of slaves controlled by a master. A scatternet is a multihop network of piconets. We anticipate that most scatternets will be composed of only a few piconets. However, even in small scatternets, efficient data flow requires the design of inter-piconet scheduling algorithms. Thus, this article presents and evaluates a load adaptive scheduling algorithm tailored for small-scale scatternets. The main advantage of this algorithm is the use of the Bluetooth low-power hold mode, which allows greater flexibility than other low-power modes. A simulation model has been developed in order to evaluate the performance of the algorithm. We show that the results obtained by the model are very close to the analytic results. Then we evaluate the performance of various intra-piconet scheduling algorithms. Finally, we present simulation results regarding inter-piconet scheduling, and compare the proposed algorithm to algorithms using the sniff mode.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research (no. 148103) was supported by the Israel Science Foundation, by a grant from the Ministry of Science, Israel, and by Intel. We would like to thank Guy Bale, Alon Mahl, and Professor Uri Yechiali.