Lightweight adaptive Random-Forest for IoT rule generation and execution

Menachem Domb, Elisheva Bonchek-Dokow, Guy Leshem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The area of the Internet of Things is growing rapidly. The volume of transmitted data over the various sensors is growing accordingly. Sensors typically are low in resources of storage, memory and processing power. Data security and privacy are part of the major concerns and drawbacks of this growing domain. Sensor traffic analysis has become an increasingly important domain to protect IoT infrastructures from intruders. An IoT network intrusion detection system is required to monitor and analyze the traffic and predict possible attacks. Machine leaning techniques can automatically extract normal and abnormal patterns from a large set of training sensors data. Due to the high volume of traffic and the need for real-time reaction, accurate threat discovery is mandatory. This work focuses on designing a lightweight comprehensive IoT rules generation and execution framework. It is composed of three components, a machine learning rule discovery, a threat prediction model builder and tools to ensure timely reaction to rules violation and un-standardized and ongoing changes in traffic behavior. The generated detection model is expected to identify in real-time exceptions and notify the system accordingly. We use Random-Forest (RF) as the machine learning platform for rules discovery and real-time anomaly detection. To allow RF adaptation to IoT we propose several improvements to make it lightweight and propose a process that combines IoT network capabilities; messaging and resource sharing, to build a comprehensive and efficient IoT security framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-224
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Information Security and Applications
StatePublished - Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd


  • Active learning
  • Internet of Things
  • Random-Forest
  • Rules extraction
  • Security


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