Li-S cathodes with extended cycle life by sulfur encapsulation in disordered micro-porous carbon powders

Ariel Rosenman, Ran Elazari, Gregory Salitra, Doron Aurbach, Arnd Garsuch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sulfur cathodes have excellent theoretical properties for use as positive electrodes in rechargeable lithium batteries, but lack long-term stability required of practical secondary battery systems. To deal with this issue, high capacity Lithium-Sulfur cathodes were prepared through sulfur impregnation of disordered micro-porous carbon powders that have high surface-area. By using microporous carbon as a matrix for sulfur cathodes and lithium nitrate as an additive to the electrolyte solution, that suppresses the shuttle phenomena in Li-sulfur batteries, we managed to achieve a reversible capacity of over 500 mAh/g for 1000 cycles with a Columbic efficiency approaching 100% throughout cycling. The influence of the volume of the electrolyte solutions in Li-S cells was further evaluated by analyzing their voltage profiles during cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A657-A662
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume161
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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