Left Ventricular “Longitudinal Rotation” and Conduction Abnormalities—A New Outlook on Dyssynchrony

Ibrahim Marai, Rabea Haddad, Nizar Andria, Wadi Kinany, Yevgeni Hazanov, Bruce M. Kleinberg, Edo Birati, Shemy Carasso

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Background: The complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB) results in ventricular dyssynchrony and a reduction in systolic and diastolic efficiency. We noticed a distinct clockwise rotation of the left ventricle (LV) in patients with CLBBB (“longitudinal rotation”). Aim: The aim of this study was to quantify the “longitudinal rotation” of the LV in patients with CLBBB in comparison to patients with normal conduction or complete right bundle branch block (CRBBB). Methods: Sixty consecutive patients with normal QRS, CRBBB, or CLBBB were included. Stored raw data DICOM 2D apical-4 chambers view images cine clips were analyzed using EchoPac plugin version 203 (GE Vingmed Ultrasound AS, Horten, Norway). In EchoPac–Q-Analysis, 2D strain application was selected. Instead of apical view algorithms, the SAX-MV (short axis—mitral valve level) algorithm was selected for analysis. A closed loop endocardial contour was drawn to initiate the analysis. The “posterior” segment (representing the mitral valve) was excluded before finalizing the analysis. Longitudinal rotation direction, peak angle, and time-to-peak rotation were recorded. Results: All patients with CLBBB (n = 21) had clockwise longitudinal rotation with mean four chamber peak rotation angle of −3.9 ± 2.4°. This rotation is significantly larger than in patients with normal QRS (−1.4 ± 3°, p = 0.005) and CRBBB (0.1 ± 2.2°, p = 0.00001). Clockwise rotation was found to be correlated to QRS duration in patients with the non-RBBB pattern. The angle of rotation was not associated with a lower ejection fraction or the presence of regional wall abnormalities. Conclusions: Significant clockwise longitudinal rotation was found in CLBBB patients compared to normal QRS or CRBBB patients using speckle-tracking echocardiography.

Original languageEnglish
Article number745
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 17 Jan 2023

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  • clockwise
  • longitudinal
  • rotation


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