Large Area Patterning of Nanoparticles and Nanostructures: Current Status and Future Prospects

Hannah Noa Barad, Hyunah Kwon, Mariana Alarcón-Correa, Peer Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Nanoparticles possess exceptional optical, magnetic, electrical, and chemical properties. Several applications, ranging from surfaces for optical displays and electronic devices, to energy conversion, require large-area patterns of nanoparticles. Often, it is crucial to maintain a defined arrangement and spacing between nanoparticles to obtain a consistent and uniform surface response. In the majority of the established patterning methods, the pattern is written and formed, which is slow and not scalable. Some parallel techniques, forming all points of the pattern simultaneously, have therefore emerged. These methods can be used to quickly assemble nanoparticles and nanostructures on large-area substrates into well-ordered patterns. Here, we review these parallel methods, the materials that have been processed by them, and the types of particles that can be used with each method. We also emphasize the maximal substrate areas that each method can pattern and the distances between particles. Finally, we point out the advantages and disadvantages of each method, as well as the challenges that still need to be addressed to enable facile, on-demand large-area nanopatterning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5861-5875
Number of pages15
JournalACS Nano
Issue number4
StatePublished - 27 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.


The authors would like to thank A. Posada Boada and M. Aber Barad Golembo for their assistance with the manuscript preparation. H.-N.B. would like to thank the Minerva Stiftung scholarship for their financial support.

FundersFunder number
Minerva Foundation


    • chemical/physical patterning
    • large-area patterning
    • magnetic/electric field patterning
    • nanoparticle patterns
    • nonlithographic methods
    • nontemplate nanopatterns
    • organic templates
    • parallel methods
    • template nanopatterns


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