Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Description of the extraperitoneal approach using the da Vinci robotic system

Matthew T. Gettman, András Hoznek, Laurent Salomon, Ran Katz, Tomasz Borkowski, Patrick Antiphon, Adrian Lobontiu, Clément Claude Abbou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We developed and assessed the feasibility of extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy performed using the da Vinci (Intuitive Surgical, Mountain View, California) robotic system. Materials and Methods: In June 2002, 4 consecutive patients with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent extraperitoneal, robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. After development of the extraperitoneal space the surgeon performed laparoscopic prostatectomy from the remote control unit. The assistant aligned and exchanged robotic instruments and used conventional laparoscopic instruments to facilitate prostatectomy. Perioperative data and pathological results were recorded. Results: No difficulties were noted when developing the extraperitoneal space. All additional steps were successfully performed with telerobotics. More distal placement of the robotic ports appeared to improve the feasibility of the extraperitoneal approach. The peritoneum acted as a natural bowel retractor and the distal port placement facilitated use of the assistant ports. Mean operative time was 274 minutes (range 124 to 360). Mean catheterization time and hospital stay were 2.7 and 5.3 days, respectively. A positive margin was observed in 1 patient and pathological stage was pT2 in 3 and pT3 in 1. No postoperative complications or open conversions were observed. Conclusions: The extraperitoneal approach was feasible with the da Vinci robotic system. Distal port placement for the robot appeared to create an ergonomic environment for the surgeon and assistant and more direct prostatic access. While additional clinical experience is required, the extraperitoneal approach may ultimately provide advantages for robotic and nonrobotic laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-419
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume170
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2003

Keywords

  • Laparoscopy
  • Prostate
  • Prostatectomy
  • Prostatic neoplasms
  • Robotics

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