The urea cycle is strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Arginase-I (ARGI) accumulation at sites of amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition is associated with L-arginine deprivation and neurodegeneration. An interaction between the arginase II (ARGII) and mTOR-ribosomal protein S6 kinase β-1 (S6K1) pathways promotes inflammation and oxidative stress. In this study, we treated triple-transgenic (3×Tg) mice exhibiting increased S6K1 activity and wild-type (WT) mice with L-norvaline, which inhibits both arginase and S6K1. The acquisition of spatial memory was significantly improved in the treated 3×Tg mice, and the improvement was associated with a substantial reduction in microgliosis. In these mice, increases in the density of dendritic spines and expression levels of neuroplasticity-related proteins were followed by a decline in the levels of Aβ toxic oligomeric and fibrillar species in the hippocampus. The findings point to an association of local Aβ-driven and immune-mediated responses with altered L-arginine metabolism, and they suggest that arginase and S6K1 inhibition by L-norvaline may delay the progression of AD.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018, The Author(s).
- Alzheimer’s disease
- ribosomal protein S6 kinase β-1