Jewish-Christian relations in Europe, 840-1096

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The Jews of Europe enjoyed a period of efflorescence and stability under the Carolingians; a century and a half later they were massacred during the First Crusade. Historians have explained the transition from tranquillity to massacre by positing that a series of events during the intervening period heralded a downturn in the political fortunes of the Jews, as well as rising anti-Jewish agitation among Christians. This study closely analyses the supposed signposts of destruction and demonstrates that the evidence does not support the notion of adumbration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-83
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Medieval History
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003


  • Anti-Semitism
  • Carolingians
  • Jews


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