It’s All in the Head: Illness Perception is the Major Correlate of Quality of Life Among Adolescents with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Adi Pachter-Alt, Varda Soskolne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Living with an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), while also navigating the demands of adolescence, may present a challenge for the quality of life (QoL) of adolescents. The current study examined the direct and indirect associations of the stressor (illness severity), cognitive appraisal (illness perception), personal (self-efficacy, positive affect, social support) and family coping resources (economic situation, family functioning) with adolescents' QoL. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Israel. Participants were 74 adolescents (44 boys, 30 girls; aged 11–18 years old) living with IBD, who completed a self-report questionnaire during a clinic follow-up visit. Illness severity was not directly associated with QoL, and no mediating effects through illness perception or coping resources were found; however, social support moderated the association between illness severity and QoL. Additionally, illness perception had the highest direct contribution to QoL: adolescents who perceived their illness as a threat showed poorer QoL. This association was also moderated by social support. Social workers in multidisciplinary healthcare teams may contribute to the improvement of QoL among adolescents with IBD by conducting regular QoL screenings, encouraging adolescents to re-frame their perceptions of their illness, and fostering the receipt of social support using individual or child-parent education sessions and CBT interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-159
Number of pages9
JournalChild and Adolescent Social Work Journal
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2022.

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Coping resources
  • Illness perception
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Israel
  • Quality-of-life

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