Isaiah 31 as a Response to Rebellions against Assyria in Philistia

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Abstract

Isaiah 31 has been a source of great difficulty for interpreters through the centuries. The chapter contains multiple examples of unusual syntax, vocabulary, and imagery. These difficulties can be solved if the chapter is understood as the prophet's response to a specific episode in the late eighth-century conflict between the Neo-Assyrian Empire and the kingdoms of the Levant. It addresses the quandary the Judean elite faced in approximately 713 BCE in responding to the invitation of Yamani, king of Ashdod, to join a rebellion against Assyria. The chapter references specific figures who took part in earlier anti-Assyrian rebellions in the southern Levant, including Re'u of Egypt and Azuri of Ashdod.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-361
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biblical Literature
Volume136
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Society of Biblical Literature. All rights reserved.

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