Is the probable spillage of the lung surfactant dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine the ultimate source of diabetes type 1?

Ran Arieli, Soliman Khatib, Aatef Khattib, Elena Bukovetzky, Orna Dally Gottfried

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The lung surfactant dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) most probably leaks into the blood, settling on the luminal aspect of blood vessels to create active hydrophobic spots (AHS). Nanobubbles are formed at these spots from dissolved gas. We hypothesized that when a large molecule in the blood comes into contact with a nanobubble at the AHS, its tertiary structure is disrupted. An epitope not previously having undergone thymus education may then prompt an autoimmune response. There are thus two independent processes which may share the blame for autoimmune disease: spillage of large molecules into the blood, and the creation of AHS. DPPC was measured in 10 diabetes type 1 patients and 10 control subjects. DPPC in the diabetic group was 4.63 ± 0.68 μg/mL, non-significantly higher than in the control group (4.23 ± 0.94 μg/mL). However, in the diabetic group, DPPC was high when the samples were taken within 1.5 years of disease onset. This is closer to the time of AHS production, which takes place ahead of the disease. Further investigation, with sampling for DPPC as soon as possible after onset of the disease, may provide additional support for our hypothesis. If proved true, this may open up considerable therapeutic potential.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103615
JournalRespiratory Physiology and Neurobiology
Volume286
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Antigen
  • Autoimmunity
  • Coagulation
  • DPPC
  • Nanobubble
  • Origin

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