Invasiveness of medical procedures and state anxiety in women

Aron Weller, Tamar Hener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The authors studied state anxiety in women awaiting three different medical examinations: abdominal ultrasonography, mammography, and hysterosalpingography. These procedures differ in degree of intrusiveness and cause, respectively, low, intermediate, and high levels of pain and discomfort. The evidence supported the hypothesis that the degree of anxiety will correspond to the level of invasiveness. In addition, the study examined the impact of demographic variables on degree of anxiety. The results suggest that to plan appropriate strategies for stress reduction, the medical team treating women should be aware of the degree of the procedure’s invasiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-65
Number of pages6
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr Weller was supported by a Yigal Alon Fellowship and by a Bar-llan University Internal Research Grant. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Aron Weller, PhD, Department of Psychology, Bar-llan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.


  • Intrusiveness
  • Invasiveness
  • Medical examinations
  • Medical procedures
  • State anxiety
  • Women


Dive into the research topics of 'Invasiveness of medical procedures and state anxiety in women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this