Intra-arterial hepatic bevacizumab and systemic chemotherapy in hepatic metastasis of colorectal cancer: A phase II multicentric trial in second-line treatment

Eugénie Rigault, Benjamin Lacas, Olivier Glehen, Denis Smith, Eric Dupont-Bierre, Rosine Guimbaud, David Malka, Valérie Boige, Alina Fuerea, Jean Pierre Pignon, Michel Ducreux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Intra-arterial hepatic (IAH) treatment has shown promising results in the management of patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) the prognosis of which is poor. Bevacizumab adjunction to standard chemotherapy has been shown to improve survival of this patient population. This prospective study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of IAH bevacizumab combined to systemic chemotherapy after first-line treatment failure in patients with CRLM. Methods: Included patients had dominant or isolated unresectable CRLM progressing after standard first-line treatment for metastases of colorectal cancer. Three patients had less than 30% liver invasion, three patients between 30 and 50%, two more than 50% and data was missing in two patients. An intra-hepatic catheter was implanted surgically or percutaneously. Bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg was administered once every 3 weeks in combination with capecitabine 2000 mg/m² per day for 2 weeks and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m² or irinotecan 200 mg/m² once every 3 weeks. The primary end-point was the objective response rate. Results: Between June 2013 and February 2015, 10 patients were included. The trial was prematurely closed because of the lack of financial support and poor accrual. The patients had a median of 6 [1–9] cycles of treatment. Partial response was achieved in 2 patients (20%) and a R0 liver metastases resection in one another. All patients died of disease progression. The median overall and progression-free survival rates were respectively 14.0 (95% IC [4.8 – 25.8] and 5.4 months (95% IC [1.6 – 6.2]). Four patients had severe side effects but no toxic death occurred. Conclusion: IAH bevacizumab combined to systemic chemotherapy is feasible and safe in patients with unresectable isolated or dominant CRLM progressing after a first-line systemic treatment. Based on the low number of patients included in our study, our results suggest that this treatment does not increase dramatically the response rate versus an adapted systemic treatment. However, considering the safety data provided in this study, arterial infusion of bevacizumab in adjunction to chemotherapeutic agents could be evaluated in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100674
JournalCancer Treatment and Research Communications
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Intra-arterial hepatic
  • Liver metastasis
  • Phase 2 trial
  • Systemic chemotherapy

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