Intermittent inhaled tobramycin and systemic cytokines response in CF patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Yazeed Toukan, Michal Gur, Fahed Hakim, Yuval Geffen, Ronen Bar-Yoseph, Vered Nir, Lea Bentur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Introduction: CF pulmonary guidelines recommend alternate therapy (one month on, one month off) with inhaled tobramycin for chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization in cystic fibrosis (CF). Tobramycin-inhaled powder (TIP™) is increasingly replacing time-consuming nebulizer therapy. It is unclear whether laboratory parameters change during the month off period compared with the month on therapy. Purpose: Our aim was to assess whether spirometry, lung clearance index and circulating inflammatory markers differ between on/off treatment periods. Materials and methods: A prospective pilot study evaluating CF patients treated with TIP, on two consecutive months (on/off) therapy. The evaluations were performed at the end of a month off therapy (1-2 days before the initiation of TIP) and after 28 days of treatment with TIP (1-2 days after the end of the treatment cycle). Results: Nineteen CF patients (10 males) with a mean age of 18.7±9.7 years and BMI (body mass index) of 19.62±3.53 kg/m2 were evaluated. After a month off treatment with TIP, spirometry parameters and lung clearance index remained unchanged. IL-6 increased significantly (p=0.022) off treatment. There was a non-significant change in the other inflammatory cytokines off therapy [hs-CRP, IL-8,TNF-α, α1-antitrypsin (α1AT) and neutrophilic elastase]. Conclusions: The results of lung function parameters support the relative stability of CF patients during the month off therapy; however, the difference in serum IL-6 raises the possibility of ongoing higher degrees of inflammation during the month off therapy with TIP. The small sample size and the multiple parameters evaluated preclude firm conclusions; therefore, larger multicenter studies are needed to assess the on/off treatment strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e136-e143
JournalClinical and Investigative Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

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