Intact differentiation of responses to socially-relevant emotional stimuli across psychotic disorders: An event-related potential (ERP) study

Peter E. Clayson, Jonathan K. Wynn, Amy M. Jimenez, Eric A. Reavis, Junghee Lee, Michael F. Green, William P. Horan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Event-related potential (ERP) studies of motivated attention in schizophrenia typically show intact sensitivity to affective vs. non-affective images depicting diverse types of content. However, it is not known whether this ERP pattern: 1) extends to images that solely depict social content, (2) applies across a broad sample with diverse psychotic disorders, and (3) relates to self-reported trait social anhedonia. We examined late positive potential (LPP) amplitudes to images involving people that were normatively pleasant (affiliative), unpleasant (threatening), or neutral in 97 stable outpatients with various psychotic disorders and 38 healthy controls. Both groups showed enhanced LPP to pleasant and unpleasant vs. neutral images to a similar degree, despite lower overall LPP in patients. Within the patients, there were no significant LPP differences among subgroups (schizophrenia vs. other psychotic disorders; affective vs. non-affective psychosis) for the valence effect (pleasant/unpleasant vs. neutral). Higher social anhedonia showed a small, significant relation to lower LPP to pleasant images across all groups. These findings suggest intact motivated attention to social images extends across psychotic disorder subgroups. Dimensional transdiagnostic analyses revealed a modest association between self-reported trait social anhedonia and an LPP index of neural sensitivity to pleasant affiliative images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-257
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume246
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Event-related brain potentials (ERPs)
  • Late positive potential (LPP)
  • Psychotic disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social stimuli

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