Innovative Elements in Newly Formed Hebrew Four-Consonantal Verbal Roots

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Unlike the traditional formation of Hebrew verbs by extracting roots from existing words, new four consonantal roots in Modern Hebrew are formed by addition of the initial consonants t, ˀ and š to existing roots and by duplication of consonants. The newly formed roots can be explained by historical development, but they might also hint towards the interaction between morphological and functional elements. Verbs formed by initial consonants carry agentive, transitive, and causative meaning whereas root duplication carries repetitive, weakened, derogatory or negative meaning. The conclusion is that the structure of the four-consonantal root modifies meanings rather than the template.

MLA 8th Edition (Modern Language Assoc.)
Körtvélyessy, Lívia, et al. Word-Formation Across Languages. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017.

APA 7th Edition (American Psychological Assoc.)
Körtvélyessy, L., Štekauer, P., & Valera, S. (2017). Word-Formation Across Languages. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationWord-Formation across Languages
EditorsLívia Körtvélyessy, Pavol Štekauer, Salvador Valera
Place of PublicationNewcastle upon Tyne
PublisherCambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)9781443869294
ISBN (Print)9781443899628
StatePublished - 2016


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